Case studies and policy guidelines for the EC
WealthR - The Euro Med WEALTH Local Sustainable Economic Development Research Group
Presenter: Pierluigi Montalbano, Apulia Region and Sapienza University of Rome
22/5 16.30 Central Europe Time
The most recent literature looks at culture and creativity (at the crossover between human capital, physical capital and innovation) as the key drivers for Local Sustainable Economic Development (LSED). During the first phase of the Wealth project we discussed about the conceptual framework and the key factors for the start-up of a cultural-based LSED. It is now time to address the most difficult task of our research program: i.e., to quantify the success (i.e., the added value) of programs and/or policies undertaken to foster culture
and creativity and, then, LSED in priority areas.
This is not straightforward for a number of reasons: first, the outcome (i.e., cultural participation, creativity, etc.) is difficult to define and measure (UNESCO, 2012): practitioners usually claim for additional efforts – financial and political - towards surveying passive attendance and/or active participation of people but this is clearly not sufficient. Second, in the absence of a randomized experiment, the analysis of causal effect of cultural policies and creativity promotion policies/programs is not included in the observational world, i.e. pure facts.
It stands to reason that we cannot derive any casual effect by looking at simple correlations between cultural outcomes and funding. We should acknowledge the presence of likely interferences on
cultural participation of multiple levels of treatments and/or unobservable causal effects; the likely selection bias due to the lack of treatment randomization (e.g., self-selection) and so non and so forth.
Hence, how could we address the hot issue of the impact evaluation on LSED of public investments in culture and creativity?
We believe that the collection and discussion of a set of case studies, coming from heterogeneous international perspectives, could provide key insights about the causal determinants of the nexus between culture/creativity and LSED. Our aim is thus to organize and launch the collection of a set of available case studies from all the project partners and stakeholders. The final goal is to elaborate, discuss and agree within the research group a set of common recommendations and policy guidelines to bring to the attention of the EC.
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